Well & Septic

COVID-19 UPDATES 6/12/2020: 

EFFECTIVE ON MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2020 - The Well and Septic Office will have limited staffing, hours and services available until further notice. Please be advised that services may be limited to emergencies only.

Information Requests - Due to limited availability of staff and services, until further notice, please be advised that information request processing will be delayed and may take up to 30 business days or longer to complete and return. Please do not contact our office regarding your information request until this timeframe has passed.

General Guidance for Consumers and Businesses:


Beginning January 1, 2020 the Frederick County Health Department will no longer be designing sand mounds or at-grade mounds for new home construction. Design plans must be reviewed and approved by the Health Department prior to any building permit approval. A list of qualified designers is available at the Health Department. 

Contact Environmental Health Services at 301-600-1726 for additional information. 

Water Wells

  • Groundwater Appropriation Permits
  • Issue permits for all wells - domestic, geothermal, monitoring and test wells
  • Well siting variances
  • Well Maintenance Manual

Soil Evaluation / Percolation Tests / Septic Systems  

Building Permits

  • Review building permits including site inspection
  • Design individual sewage disposal systems (trench, pit, sand mound)
  • Inspection of septic system installation


  • Investigate complaints regarding failed septic systems
  • Conduct sanitary surveys of communities to determine possible well and septic problems


  • Provide information on size and location of septic systems
  • Provide information on location, depth, and yield of water wells
  • Building permit information
  • To obtain records for a specific property complete the Information Research Request Form.  The form must be completed in its entirety and can be emailed or faxed to the locations indicated on the top of the form.  Allow 10 business days for a response to the request for well and septic information and 15 business days for percolation or other technical information.
  • IF THIS INFORMATION IS BEING REQUESTED DUE TO THE ADDITION OF AN ACCESSORY STRUCTURE (swimming pool, garage, shed, etc.) PLEASE ASK FOR ADEQUATE INFORMATION regarding your septic system and septic area location.  If you have additional questions contact 301-600-1726.