What are Social Determinants of Health?
Our health is far more than healthcare and our individual health behaviors. Social determinates of health are the conditions in which people are born, live, work, play, worship and age. The choices we make depend on the options that are available and accessible. They are commonly grouped into 5 categories: Economic Stability, Education Access, Health Care Access, Neighborhood and Built Environment, and Social and Community Context.
Nuestra salud es mucho más que la atención médica y nuestros comportamientos de salud individuales. Los determinantes sociales de la salud son las condiciones en las que las personas nacen, viven, trabajan, juegan, adoran y envejecen. Los determinantes sociales influyen en las opciones entre las que debemos elegir en conjunto. Por lo general, se agrupan en 5 categorías: Estabilidad económica, Acceso a la educación, Acceso a la atención médica, Vecindario y entorno construido, y Contexto social y comunitario.
There are a lot of terms used when talking about equity, so here's what we mean when we use these words.
- Equity: An approach that strives to give everyone a healthy, happy life but gives extra attention to those with barriers who lack access to resources so they can receive individualized care to bring them to the same level of health.
- Equality: is equal treatment and availability of health care services for all people.
- Disability: A person with a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more life activities.
- Implicit bias: Unaware attitudes or stereotypes that affect our understanding, actions and decisions in unconscious manner.
- Explicit bias: Aware of thoughts and emotions towards a specific group of people.
- Microaggressions: are the offensive insults, putdowns, invalidations, and offensive behaviors or action directed at a certain group of people.
- Racial Inequity: The unethical and unequal distribution of resources along racial lines.
- Health Disparities: a particular type of health difference that is closely linked with social, economic, and environmental disadvantage disparities. Adversely affect groups of people who have systematically experienced greater obstacles to health based on their racial or ethnic group, religion, socioeconomic status, gender, age, mental health or physical disability linked to discrimination or exclusion.
- EmPOWER Employer Resource Toolkit from the Frederick County Office of Economic Development
- Initiate a Complaint of Discrimination in Frederick County
- City of Frederick Equity and Inclusion Office
- Frederick County Equity and Inclusion Office
- Frederick County Human Relations Commission
- Frederick County Declaration of Racism as a Public Health Crisis (3/18/2021)
- Maryland Dept. of Health - Minority Health and Health Disparities
- U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services - Office of Minority Health
- Center for Disease Control and Prevention - Office of Minority Health and Health Disparities